Singh, Jagdeep. “Resource Recovery from Post-Consumer Waste” Journal of Cleaner Production 134, no.si (2016): 342.
In light of recent literature presenting the promising and complex systems of circular economies, the study highlights the limited practical applications to real-world products. The study thus aims to investigate the benefits, limitations and challenges of 58 real-world products (see Fig 1. ) currently utilizing discarded materials (material recovery of which is a central principal of circular economies). The information presented in the study gives a practical insight into how a circular system can actually work which other literature has only provided the theory. Singh defines circular economies as
“an economic strategy that suggests innovative ways to transform current predominantly linear system of consumption into a circular one, while achieving economic sustainability with much needed material savings.”
The study’s findings propose that products utilizing materials from current waste management systems even though they are not establishing their own system of resource recovery, they are still successfully producing circular products. It shows rather than theorizes that products can sequester waste in continual loops by designing around the system already set and that effective use of waste management it can be considered a closed loop. Through analysis of the data Singh addresses how relying on waste management can be problematic which empowers me as a designer with the knowledge of prospective challenges at the beginning of designing around the system.