De Pauw, Ingrid C. “Comparing Biomimicry and Cradle to Cradle with Ecodesign: a case study of student design projects” Journal of Cleaner Production 78, no. 0959-6526 (2014): 174-183.

This case study compares the results of 27 groups of students that designed a ‘sustainable product’ through specific criteria of biomimicry, cradle to cradle or eco-design strategies over a two-year period. In relation to my topic question the findings describes the cradle to cradle design approach as not only challenging designers to reduce a products impact but, benefit the environment which addressed the core of my topic. Both eco-design and the cradle to cradle results produced alternative materials and new forms, however, cradle to cradle more predominantly presented alternative ways to fulfil the product function and user needs focusing on product context (people, companies and circumstances interrelated to the product system). The study finds that the cradle to cradle strategy does not address quantitative evaluation tools that prevent unforeseen environmental impacts of the design during its life cycle.

This source acknowledges cradle to cradle strengths and weaknesses and compares the strategic outcome in comparison with other frameworks, which helps determine if a closed loop system is the most beneficial use of post-consumer waste. This study would provide more insight if it was applied to real world products and designers. Nonetheless it provides an application of this strategy whereby practitioners may be incorporating eco-design into their product development to create a more successful result.