ACADEMIC SOURCE: GETTING THE CIRCULATION GOING

Kiser, Barbara. “Getting the Circulation Going”, Nature 531, no.7595 (2016): 443-446, doi:10.1038/531443a.

Circularity of eco design is explained in the article “Getting the Circulation” going, as a production method in which raw materials are reused and recycled. The article highlights the impact of the current model of modern industrialization on our environment and asks how a closed looped system can become the standard practice. It looks at how a closed loop system is applied to economic circularity, which focuses on guaranteed longevity and continued value of products that are made with environmentally safe materials. Along with end of life circularity, which looks into waste transformation creating new industries, and retrofit circularity (see Fig 1.), which focuses on products disassembly to ensure materials can be interchangeable and thus recyclable.

The article also explains the difficulty of applying a closed loop system, with only a selection of companies sustaining the method. The principal of continual conservation of product and material also contradicts the capitalist method of continual continual sell, sell, sell. This article presents the need for a closed loop system and its clear potential, however begs the question of whether a closed loop approach is a realistic one. This article pushed me toward finding realistic frameworks for circular design and broadened my research scope into grass roots endeavours pushed by community dissatisfaction of current linear take-make-dispose systems. 

Fig 1.  Rolls Royce. "Trent 1000 Engine"  Flickr . Accessed August 17 2017. https://www.flickr.com/photos/rolls-royceplc/14314357306/in/album-72157644997020625/  The Trent 1000 engine: Rolls-Royce has run a recycling program for more than a decade.

Fig 1. Rolls Royce. "Trent 1000 Engine" Flickr. Accessed August 17 2017. https://www.flickr.com/photos/rolls-royceplc/14314357306/in/album-72157644997020625/

The Trent 1000 engine: Rolls-Royce has run a recycling program for more than a decade.